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Various Car segments in India-explained in detail

Indians love their vehicles, whether they use them for daily transportation or vacation, like driving them, or even own flashy examples of luxury or power. It is clearly obvious that there is no single category of cars; rather, they are well-sorted into many categories.

Prior to beginning, it's crucial to understand that the segments are separated based on their size or dimension.

 In our post below, let's take a close look at the automotive segments in India.

Hatchback Car Segments in India

1.  A-Segment (Mini Hatchbacks)

A-segment vehicles include the Maruti Alto 800, S-Presso, Renault Kwid, and Datsun Go. The majority of the products in this area, which is known as the entry-level segment, are cars made by different auto manufacturers.

 Budget-conscious, A-segment vehicles are compact and lack many amenities. The majority of A-segment vehicles come with compact, efficient gasoline engines. Budget and cabin room are both limited in the A-segment.

 A-segment cars' main objective is to be only used for commuting within cities. These are geared toward city driving and have smaller engines and suspensions because they weren't constructed with highways in mind.

2.  B-Car Segment (Hatchbacks)

The B-segment is mostly focused on commuting in cities and sporadic highway travel.

The B-segment includes vehicles like the Hyundai i20, Maruti Suzuki Swift, and Honda Jazz. These hatchbacks are around the same length as the 4-meter mark or shorter, but they provide enough room and amenities for a mid-size family.

B-segment vehicles often feature strong engines and a range of gearbox choices. In this group of vehicles, features like a touchscreen, keyless entry, and a sunroof are commonplace.

Additionally, this section provides appropriate automatic gearbox choices like CVT, torque converter, or even DCT. Even the available engines range from 1.5 Lt turbo diesel to 1.0 Lt petrol.

Sedan Car Segments in India

3.  C- Car Segment (Sedans)

Small sedans, also known as family cars, are classified as C-segments. It is divided further into two sections, which we will explain in the following sections. When it comes to C-segment cars in India, there are numerous options due to its sub-segments.

  1. Compact Sedan (C1-Sedans)- Sub-compact sedan segment

With the introduction of sedan cars shorter than four meters in length, this term was coined. Because of the tax rebate policy, car manufacturers shifted to C-sedans, offering a compromise of space and luxury at a low price.

The C-sedan segment, like the B-segment, provides ease of city commuting as well as highway driving pleasure. The majority of C-sedans are well-equipped with features and powerful engine options.

C-sedans are typically priced in the same range as B-segment vehicles. Even the transmission and engine options for some products remain unchanged.

These include vehicles such as the Maruti Suzuki Dzire, Honda Amaze, and Hyundai Aura.

  1. Small sedan segment (C2-segment)

The small sedan segment is the most popular and appropriate category for sedan cars. It includes vehicles such as the Hyundai Verna, Honda City, and Maruti Ciaz.

These vehicles are longer than four meters and thus have a plethora of luxury features. Leather seats, ventilated seats, a sunroof, large touchscreen infotainment systems, and other features are available.

The primary goal of this segment is to provide maximum comfort in both city and highway driving. To accommodate the large body shell, these vehicles are typically outfitted with powerful engine options that produce well over 100 PS of power.

Automatic variants are readily available in these cars for ease of driving, enticing sedan buyers.

 4. D-Segment (Mid-Sized Family cars or Sedans)

Buyers in the C-segment extend to the D-segment. Greater wealthy buyers who want more space and luxury enter this market. These vehicles outclass C-segment vehicles in every way: length, width, interior space, luxury, and more.

Vehicles in this segment include the Honda Civic, BMW 3-series, Skoda Octavia, and Hyundai Elantra.

With more power and torque than C-segment vehicles, these vehicles benefit from the usage of strong engine options. The improved driving characteristics are designed to benefit both the driver and the passengers at once.

5. E-segment (executive luxury cars)

E-segment, as its name suggests, refers to the executive class. Customers who want to spend the majority of their time in the back of the automobile are drawn to this sector.

These executive cars, which are primarily targeted at chauffeur-driven customers, offer a tonne of luxury and features to create a private experience in the middle of the city's traffic.

However, this improved backseat experience does not imply that these are less than ideal for driving. The tuned dynamics, enjoyable driving characteristics, and incredibly strong engines with quick gearbox options offered in these automobiles captivate driving fans as well.

Automobiles in the e-segment include the Skoda Superb, Audi A6, BMW 5-Series, Mercedes Benz E-class, and others.

6. M-Multipurpose cars(MPVs)

Every vehicle serves a purpose to an individual or a group of people. The Multi-purpose car segment is fairly large and best for hauling people and cargo. The MPVs offer great value for money.

Small MPVs

These MPVs are the market's entry-level models, with lengths that hover around the 4-meter mark. Small MPVs, which may seat 6-7 people, are suitable for thrifty travellers.

Examples of these vehicles are the Maruti Ertiga and the Honda BR-V.

Small MPVs are more tailored towards fuel efficiency and comfort than pure performance and come with adequately powerful engine and transmission options. Their little size is useful within city limits.

Medium MPVs

Compared to small MPVs, these are larger and harder to manoeuvre. They are the next step up from tiny MPVs. Better and more roomy interior accommodations and more powerful engine options come with larger size. Small MPVs and this automobile segment's seating capacity are comparable, but the latter has more head and legroom.

They are more useful for the compact MPV automobile segment because of their effective size, which is followed by a greater assortment of features and safety aids. Mahindra Marazzo and Toyota Innova are two vehicles that fall under this category.

Large MPVs

Similar to minivans, large MPVs have a long body and can seat up to 8 passengers. Large MPVs, which dominate the MPV car market, provide luxurious, rich interiors, plenty of space, and the flexibility to fold down seats to make room for luggage.

They are the most difficult vehicles to drive, make tight turns in, or even locate an apartment parking spot because of their massive footprints. Due to their larger size, they must be equipped with powerful engines that pack a punch. These are completely equipped with luxury and convenience features, including technology for the second and third rows of passengers, such as TVs or large screens, and even a vacuum sweeper in some. This car sector includes vehicles like the Kia Carnival and Toyota Vellfire.

7. J-Sports Utility Vehicles(SUVs)

The best automobiles have always been abundant on the competitive and congested Indian auto market. In these SUVs, the hatchback class receives the second-largest percentage of picks. These are large, cozy, and packed with cutting-edge technological features. Subcategories are used to further classify SUVs.

Sub-Compact SUVs

The sub-compact SUVs, which are at the bottom of the SUV automobile sector, are a perfect option for those looking for SUV driving dynamics, an economical price tag, and simple maneuverability.

These are smaller than 4-meter vehicles, similar to subcompact sedans. This auto market offers straightforward vehicles with few frills. For the comfort of a city commute, sub-compact SUVs feature respectable engines coupled with automatic transmissions. Petrol and diesel choices are also available.

They have a lot of standard technology and other features for the price range. Ford Ecosport, Maruti Suzuki Vitara Brezza, Nissan Magnite, Tata Nexon, Kia Sonet, and Hyundai venue are among the top-selling subcompact SUVs here in India.

Compact SUVs

One of the most competitive automotive markets in India, as well as other nations, is the compact SUV sector. These are more elegant and spacious than the small sub-compact SUVs. The powerful engines of compact SUVs provide smooth acceleration and simple manoeuvring in metropolitan traffic. Automatic transmission engines are paired with these engines.

In contrast to the sub-compact SUV car market, the compact SUVs are packed with cutting-edge technologies and fantastic entertainment capabilities. The best SUVs in this category include the Hyundai Creta, Kia Seltos, Nissan Kicks, and Renault Duster.

Midsize SUVs

Midsize SUVs are where you should look if compact SUVs feel uneasy and cramped for your family. Between compact and full-size SUVs, this category includes vehicles that can tow more passengers than small SUVs and are easier to operate in traffic.

Large and ideal for extended drives or weekend excursions are the midsize SUVs. Also, depending on the setup, these can accommodate 5-8 people. However, the third row is frequently not viable for fully grown adults and is kept for a younger crowd. This class of automobiles is equipped with a wealth of equipment and plush interior accommodations.

Large SUVs

The largest of the four car categories, full-size, massive SUVs are powerful machines capable of performing a variety of tasks. These big SUVs are the most difficult to maneuver and, if they get trapped at a corner, can easily result in lengthy traffic backups. These can be difficult to maneuver, even in stop-and-go traffic, without eating the tiny SUVs in front of them. This automotive market has a lot of blind spots, thus it needs features like blind-spot monitoring and other necessities.

Brawny engines that are the least effective at moving these items are hidden beneath the skin. To make handling them in congested traffic less annoying, the engine is frequently combined with an automatic transmission.

 The high price of this car sector is accompanied by luxurious features to entice buyers.

8. Crossovers

These jacked-up hatchbacks are easier to manoeuvre than large or midsize SUVs and feature elevated driving positions that purchasers adore these days. Crossovers, as opposed to large SUVs, feature smaller engines, similar to compact SUVs, and are more efficient for daily driving.

They are filled with numerous tech pieces and safety measures in terms of functionality. This family includes the Maruti Suzuki S-Cross and the Honda W-RV. B-RV was also included, however it has since been dropped from Honda's range.


As the post covers various segments of cars in India, comment your favorite car and let us know your interest. To own your dream car, get an instant loan within a few steps at the comfort of your home at kuwy.

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